Alabama adopts the strictest anti-abortion law in the United States
Republicans in the southern United States have launched a major offensive against the right to abortion with the stated goal of bringing the issue back to the Supreme Court, like Alabama, which passed a law very restrictive on abortion, causing an uproar among Democrats.
The text, passed by the Senate of Alabama on Tuesday night by a large majority, is the most repressive in the country. It prohibits almost all voluntary interruptions of pregnancy, even in the case of incest or rape, and provides for 10 to 99 years’ imprisonment for abortion doctors, except in cases of vital emergency for the mother or “lethal abnormality” of the fetus.
It was ratified Wednesday by the governor, Kay Ivey, who explained in a statement that “all life is a sacred gift of God.” This measure must take effect in six months.
On the Democratic side, the majority of presidential candidates in 2020 denounced a violation of women’s right to dispose of their bodies, as well as an attack on the Supreme Court’s Roe v. Wade, who legalized abortion in 1973 throughout the United States.
Joe Biden, former vice president of Barack Obama, said the choice of abortion “must stay between a woman and her doctor.”
“The women of this country are scared, they are angry,” said Senator Elizabeth Warren. “None of us should accept a future where our daughters and granddaughters will have fewer rights than we have had,” said former 2016 presidential candidate Hillary Clinton.
But each side is preparing for a bitter court battle, with all appeals to be exhausted before the Supreme Court eventually seizes the case.
The powerful organization for defending ACLU freedoms and the organization of Family Planning have already announced that they will go to court to prevent the application of the text.
“Our own laws”
Raising the case at the Supreme Court in Washington is the avowed goal of opponents of abortion, who want to convince Washington sages to return to Roe v. Wade.
The religious right, which backed Donald Trump’s campaign, wants to take advantage of the president’s appointment of two abortion-opposing judges who anchored the US law temple in the conservative camp.
“My goal […] is to break Roe v. Wade and this decision is up to the states so we can make our own laws, with amendments, that address these issues, “said Alabama Republican speaker Terri Collins, behind the text, after her adoption Tuesday evening.
“Many Americans, including me, did not agree when Roe v. Wade was returned in 1973, “said the governor of Alabama enacting the law.
Georgia passed a law in early May prohibiting abortion as soon as the heartbeat of the fetus is detectable, around the sixth week of pregnancy. Many women are not yet aware of being pregnant, say the critics of these laws say “heartbeat”.
Similar laws passed in Kentucky and Mississippi have been blocked by courts and it is likely that Georgia’s law will suffer the same fate. Ohio, Missouri and Tennessee are also poised to pass restrictive abortion laws.
Since the beginning of the year, more than half of the 50 US states have put in place rules restricting access to abortion, according to the Guttmacher Institute, which defends women’s right to abortion. For Republicans, the Supreme Court will be forced to take the case if the courts reach different conclusions depending on the state.
But even dominated by conservatives, the court recently dismissed appeals from two Republican states – Louisiana and Kansas – related to abortion, a topic that divides American society. According to a 2018 Pew Research Center survey, 58 percent of Americans believe abortion should be legal, while 37 percent say it should be banned.
Several of its nine judges have recently reiterated their desire not to revisit the jurisprudence of the high court. But history shows that the Supreme Court can enunciate and then defeat certain broad principles of law, depending on the time.