Researchers at the National University of Singapore have discovered a new potentially fatal filovirus, which was named Mengli (MLAV). It belongs to the same family as the Ebola virus.
According to the journal Nature, scientists have previously found three members of the family of filovirus — Ebolavirus, Marburgvirus and Cuevaviru. The first two cause Ebola and Marburg, which leads to disruption of blood clotting, and are fatal to humans, the third leads to fever from bats. New filovirus found of bats — bat (Rousettus) in the Chinese province of Yunnan. But Mengli contains NPC1 protein that Ebola uses to communicate with the host cell and is able to overcome the species barrier. Therefore, scientists note that the new filovirus can be dangerous to humans and is potentially fatal.
Recall that the Ebola virus was identified in 1976, it has a high mortality (90%) and equated to biological weapons. In early may, 2018 in Congo confirmed death from Ebola in the North-West of the country, only 26 people died. It was already the ninth outbreak in the country. Meanwhile, in Ukraine there are three dangerous viruses, which can cause even death.