The crisis of the COVID-19 widening inequalities already important around the world and in developed countries, alarmed economists, political and corporate leaders.
July 5, 2020 16h26
Limit inequality, an issue of vital importance in the world after the COVID-19
PARIS — The crisis of the COVID-19 widening inequalities already important around the world and in developed countries, alarmed economists, political leaders and businesses in the meetings of Aix-en-Seine in Paris, for their reduction should be a major issue in the world-after.
“The outbreaks have a tendency to bring down the world to the side where he leans over already. It is a sort of accelerator and a revealer of weaknesses,” said the economist Pierre Dockes, professor emeritus at the university of Lyon 2, at this event which was held this weekend.
In fact, since the beginning of the pandemic, doctors and epidemiologists have found that the coronavirus that affected more significantly the victims of chronic diseases (obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease), proportionally more present in the poor populations of developed countries.
And these are mostly people employed in occupations in low-skilled, who have had to continue to work to turn the food shops, the warehouses of the giants of e-commerce or health services.
“All these people who have continued to work despite the risks […] are the people of the lower classes eventually,” noted Mark Stabile, researcher at Insead, a specialist in inequality.
“The outbreaks have a tendency to bring down the world to the side where he leans over already. It is a sort of accelerator and a revealer of weaknesses ”
Pierre Dockes, economist
In developed countries, the austerity policies in the wake of the crisis of 2008 “have reduced the quality of public services, in the health sector for example, and the support of the people in need, without a job”, making them more vulnerable today, he also noted.
“It is clear that there will be an increase in inequality” because of this crisis, has also warned the president of the european central Bank Christine Lagarde.
The Nobel peace prize, the egyptian Mohamed El-Baradeï has pointed to “the number of poor people who […] die simply because they do not have access to the health system”, “because they can not ensure the distancing physics, because the places where they live are too dense, and [that]they must return to work to survive”, especially in the emerging countries.
Pierre Dockes, countries like India or Brazil could experience a sudden stop of the movement “catch-up” of the standard of living of their middle class compared to those in western countries.
Burden for the young people
But there is another inequality generated by the COVID-19 of which it will have to be wary of, is that between the generations, considered the Italian economist Elsa Fornero, former minister of Labour in his country between 2011 and 2013.
If “the older generations have paid the heaviest price in terms of human lives, […] on the economic consequences, the containment measures – for example, with the closure of schools […] – have left children, teenagers, outside of the education system”, which “can have consequences for the long-term […] on their integration in the economy,” she pointed out.