The global average presence of women in science is equal to 29%, in Russia — 40%. This is higher than in the UK, Japan and Germany.
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In the scientific and technological industry there is a gender gap, characterized by inadequate presence of women. UNESCO is actively involved in bridging the divide. Thus, the organization conducts a project to promote gender equality in the STEM fields (science, technology, engineering and mathematics). However, in most countries, there is still no equality in attitude held by members of different genders places in the scientific-technical industry.
It is worth noting that the current situation is radically different from the one that was in the beginning of the last century. Science then largely dominated by men, women could be counted on the fingers. This trend was characteristic for all countries with a developed scientific industry. At the end of XX century in Russia, according to estimates, women in science were about a third of the total. The rate varied strongly depending on the region class. So, in the psychology girls were the undisputed leaders and took over 60% of jobs.
UNESCO has released a report on the extent of the gender gap in STEM fields for 2018. According to the document, Russia takes the leading positions in terms of the quantitative ratio of women researchers to total researchers. Forty percent of scientists in our country — women. Line above with the figure of 42.2% of Slovakia is. In the UK the figure is the 38.6%, in Germany — 28%. The top of the rankings among the European countries is Latvia with 51% women researchers. And at the bottom was the Netherlands, where women in science constitute only 25.4% of the total.
One of the main reasons why in the STEM fields there were few women, — the belief of the society in the unequal intellectual abilities of the sexes. In this video Naked Science says about the real differences between men and women from the point of view of science.
Report to UNESCO of the Russians said the first Deputy Minister of science and higher education Grigory Trubnikov on the Second Eurasian women’s forum, which was held in St. Petersburg September 19, reports RIA Novosti. The establishment of parity between men and women among professionals in various fields as one of the priority tasks of UNESCO. The same principle is followed by many other organizations. UNESCO suggests that gender equality in General and in science in particular will help to achieve sustainable economic growth and benefit society.