With the development of systems with artificial intelligence and Saudi Arabia giving citizenship to the robot of Sofia, experts increasingly began to ponder at what point you can begin to consider the AI personality. Professor Roman yampolskiy sure it will lead to disaster.
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According to the law the person is not the only person in the society. In the US, corporations were given the right to freedom of speech and religion. Some natural phenomena also appeared rights such as those that a man can have. However, in the above two cases, the required changes in the legal system. A new argument gave the chance to the artificial intelligence system was also perceived as individuals, without legislative changes, court decisions or other revisions to existing laws.
Lawyer Sean Bayer showed that in America, anybody can give the person the computer system, making it a controlled limited liability company (LLC). If this maneuver is considered in court, then the AI is also able to own property, to sue, hire a lawyer and to use the freedom of speech along with other legal rights. As a result of such change can hurt people, writes in an article for portal The Conversation associate Professor, faculty of computers and Informatics of the University of Louisville Roman Yampolsky.
Granting AI rights as a person requires a legal binding. For a start, someone needs to set up two LLCs and transfer control of each separate Autonomous system or a system with artificial intelligence. Then the founder should make every company a part of another. And, in the end, he needs to resign from both organizations, leaving each company under the leadership of AI systems another.
Humanoid robot Sophia was the first system with artificial intelligence who obtained citizenship / © UN
According to Yampolsky, this process does not require that the computer system was a certain level of intelligence or capability. It can be just a sequence of statements, “if”: for example, in reviewing the stock market and making decisions about buying or selling on the basis of growth or decline in prices. This can be either an algorithm, random decision maker, or emulation, or an amoeba.
Giving human rights to computer can harm human dignity. For example, when Saudi Arabia has given citizenship to the robot of Sofia, women, especially feminists, objected, noting that the robot was given more rights than most have real women in the region.
In some countries, people can sometimes be less rights than non-intellectual software and robots. In States that restrict the rights of its citizens to freedom of speech, freedom of religion and expression of sexuality, corporations — potentially led by AI may be more freedom. This can be considered a major humiliation.
Professor Yampolsky argues that risks are not over. If AI systems become smarter than human, people, in fact, can become slaves to the corporate AI overlords, who will they hire and fire. But even if you don’t go that far, systems with artificial intelligence can eventually get a job in law enforcement, army and other government and legal systems on an equal basis with man. The right of voting systems, able to duplicate itself, can lead to devalue of human voices. This will eventually entail that in all spheres of life decisions be made by the Corporation headed by an AI. Meanwhile, as noted in his article Yampolsky, there are no laws that prevent the malevolent AI, working on the enslavement or even the destruction of humanity by the legislative and political pressure.