UK: On the verge of tears, Theresa May announces her departure on June 7
Used by the endless saga of a Brexit that it failed to implement, British Prime Minister Theresa May, on the verge of tears, announced Friday her resignation, reinforcing the hypothesis of a departure from the Kingdom Of the EU without agreement.
Ms. May said she would step down as Conservative Party leader – and therefore head of government – on June 7, in a speech to 10 Downing Street, expressing “a deep regret for not being able to to implement Brexit “.
“It was the honor of my life to be the second woman Prime Minister” after Margaret Thatcher, she added. Her voice broke as she finished her brief statement by proclaiming her “love” for her country, the leader masking the emotion that swept over her as she turned to head to her office.
Theresa May took the head of the executive in July 2016, the month following the vote of 52% of Britons in favor of an exit from the EU, succeeding David Cameron.
But this 62-year-old pastor’s daughter, a former interior minister, failed to rally behind her vision of Brexit a deeply divided political class on the issue, including her own party.
Witness the divorce agreement she concluded with Brussels, rejected three times by British MPs.
She has “politically miscalculated the mood of his country and his party,” teased on Twitter sulphurous europhobe Nigel Farage, head of the Brexit Party.
US President Donald Trump, who will meet Theresa May shortly on a state visit to the UK from June 3-5, said he was “sorry” for her and even found some unusual praise for him. , saying it “very solid”.
“Unable to govern”
Theresa May’s mandate, like the Way of the Cross as she encountered obstacles, criticisms and even conspiracies within her own party, will remain one of the shortest in the history of British prime ministers since World War II.
His successor will be appointed by the Conservative Party by July 20, with the favorite of former Foreign Minister Boris Johnson, champion Brexiters.
His arrival in power, or that of another supporter of a clear cut with the EU, would bring the country of a Brexit without agreement, synonymous with a return of customs formalities, a scenario feared by the economic circles and by Ireland because of the risk of the return of a border between the EU South and the British North Province.
Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar has pointed out that May’s departure means Brexit “a phase that could be very dangerous for Ireland”.
Spanish government spokeswoman Isabel Celaa said a “hard Brexit” now seemed “almost impossible to stop”.
The European Commission stressed that this departure did not change “nothing” to the position of the 27 on the exit agreement, the Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte going so far as to affirm that “the withdrawal agreement is not open to the renegotiation “.
But this assertion was tempered by German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who promised to work for an “Orderly Brexit”, with French President Emmanuel Macron calling for “quick clarification”.
“The way to get a good deal is to prepare for a situation of no agreement,” said Boris Johnson at a conference in Switzerland, Interlaken, according to Bloomberg.
At the end of the race
The rejection of the divorce agreement by MEPs forced the British executive to postpone the Brexit until 31 October at the latest, when it was originally scheduled for 29 March, and to hold the European elections in disarray
The poll, held on Thursday in the UK, promises to be calamitous for the Tories, who would finish at a humiliating fifth place (7%), 30 points behind the Brexit Party, according to a YouGov poll.
On Tuesday, Theresa May presented a “last chance” plan to try to push her Brexit vision. In vain: the text has provoked a flood of criticism from both the Labor opposition and Eurosceptics from its own party, leading to the resignation Wednesday evening of the Minister in charge of relations with Parliament, Andrea Leadsom, the last nail in the coffin of the leader.
Still, the task of unraveling more than 40 years of ties with the EU was not easy, says Simon Usherwood, political scientist at the University of Surrey, interviewed by AFP. “Anyone in his position would have encountered great difficulties,” he adds. “History will not retain a favorable image of it,” he judges despite everything.
THE MAIN STAGES OF BREXIT
Yes to Brexit: On 23 June 2016, some 17.4 million Britons (51.9% of the vote) voted in favor of leaving the United Kingdom of the European Union.
Cameron out : On June 24, Conservative Prime Minister David Cameron, at the initiative of the referendum but supporter of the EU, resigns.
Eurosceptics on the sidelines: On 13 July, Eurosceptic Theresa May, who voted against Brexit, becomes prime minister.
Towards a hard Brexit: On 17 January 2017, in the Lancaster speech, Theresa May states that “the United Kingdom can not continue to be part of the Single Market”, incompatible with the London priority: mastery of European immigration.
Article 50: On 29 March 2017, Theresa May activates Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty. The exit process is officially under way, and must end on March 29, 2019.
Legislative Anticipated: Wishing to establish her authority before entering into negotiations with the EU, Theresa May convenes early parliamentary elections. It loses its absolute majority on June 8, 2017 and must ally with the small party Northern Ireland DUP.
Checkers’ plan: On May 6, 2018, Theresa May presents her plan for a post-Brexit trade relationship at its Checkers (north-west London) campaign residence: maintaining industrial and agricultural trade via a “free trade zone”. exchange “with the 27 and” new customs model “.
Agreement: On November 13, 2018, Downing Street announces that the British and European negotiators have reached a draft agreement, which will be approved on November 25, at a European summit.
It consists of a Treaty of withdrawal, which settles the question of the bill that London will have to pay to the EU and the rights of European citizens and contains the highly controversial “backstop” provision, which provides, as a last resort, for maintaining the entire United Kingdom in a customs union to avoid a physical border in Ireland. It also contains a Political Declaration that outlines the post-Brexit relationship.
Two successive setbacks: On January 15, 2019, the members overwhelmingly reject the Brexit agreement by 432 votes against 202. The next day, the government narrowly survived a motion of censure tabled by the Labor opposition. He is starting new discussions with Brussels, which refuses to reopen the agreement.
On 12 March, the MEPs again massively reject the Brexit agreement by 391 votes to 242. The following day, they vote against an exit from the EU without agreement.
Brexit Report: On March 14, the House of Commons votes for a postponement of Brexit, which is approved by the other 27 EU members.
New setback: On March 27, Theresa May promises to resign if her Brexit agreement is adopted. On the same day, MEPs voted against eight alternative scenarios that they themselves proposed, including an exit without agreement or a customs union with the EU.
On the 29th, the deputies rejected for the third time, by 344 votes against 286, the Treaty of withdrawal.
Hand outstretched: Theresa May is proposing on April 2 to Labor Leader Jeremy Corbyn to work “together” on a Brexit compromise.
Second report: On the night of 10-11 April, after an exceptional European summit, European leaders give the UK a deadline for Brexit until 31 October. The prime minister is forced to hold the European elections in the United Kingdom on 23 May.
Breaking the Bargains: On May 17th, Labor announces the break-up of talks with the Premier.
May resigns: On May 24, Theresa May announces that she will step down as Conservative Party leader and prime minister on June 7, after unsuccessfully proposing a final compromise to British MPs.